What is considered
a small dog breed?
Small breeds are generally defined as dog breeds that weigh 10 kilo or under and can be found in almost every group. Famously classified as “toy”, “miniature” or “companion” dogs, they have special needs according to their biology, breed and disposition.
Caring for a small dog breed
Small and mini dog breeds wrap all the diverse traits of larger breeds up into a fun little package, along with some unique personalities and characteristics.
Many small dogs can be easily stressed
The big world can be overwhelming for a small dog, but you can help by reducing common stressors and providing familiar human company.
Common stressors include:
- Separation: Dogs love having a comfortable personal space to retreat to
- Loud noises: Consider playing soft music to help mask the sounds
- Changes in routine: Create a predictable daily routine with regular feeding, walking and play times
- Invasion of space: Children, especially, may need guidance on handling pets and letting them relax
DID YOU KNOW? A small dog should have their own space, such as a crate, carrier, basket or mat, where they can feel safe and calm.
Many small dog breeds need special grooming
Small long-haired dogs — whether they’re fluffy poodles or silky-haired yorkies — should be brushed daily to keep their coats in good condition and to prevent knots and tangles, which can be painful to remove.
Good grooming habits are important for small breed dogs:
- Be sure to use lukewarm water that feels comfortable to your pet
- Use a specialised shampoo made for dogs
- Use a detangler brush designed for long-haired dogs
- Brush gently in the direction the hair grows
- Rinse well to prevent skin issues
- Dry your dog by snuggling them with a warm towel
Small dog breeds need playtime
Playing with toys can strengthen the bond with your dog and give them physical and mental exercise.
- Give the right size toy: Toys that are too big are hard to hold – toys that are too small can be choking hazards
- Watch for bigger playmates: Large breed dogs may play too rough for their small playmates
- Keep an eye on children: Make sure your kids know how to play gently with a little dog
- There’s no need to baby them: Your little dog is still a dog, so give them lots of opportunities to run wild
Small breeds, whose metabolisms are faster than those of large dogs, require about 88 calories per kilogram per day, whereas larger dogs need just over half that amount. Ask your veterinarian what your dog’s ideal weight is.
Due to their longer lifespans, small dogs also benefit from food containing high levels of antioxidants, which can help neutralise free radicals during their long lives.
Ingredients like omega-6 fatty acids help support healthy skin and shiny coat.
At Hill’s, we go beyond kibble size to ensure that the nutritional needs of small breed dogs are met with every dedicated recipe. We formulate our small breed dry foods and wet foods for their unique calorie requirements and ageing needs.
DID YOU KNOW? A healthy small breed dog can live up to 20 years of age. It is important to remember that your dog’s lifespan can vary widely depending on several factors.
Dedicated to your small dog’s livelihood
To better understand the nutritional, social, emotional and behavioural needs of small breed dogs, Hill’s has created a dedicated Small Paws centre. Part of our global Pet Nutrition Centre, or PNC, this new facility uses state-of-the-art technology to create specially-formulated nutrition developed for the unique needs of small dogs.
The Small Paws Centre is home to 80 small dogs under 6 kg — each receiving exceptional veterinary care and a variety of indoor and outdoor enrichment activities throughout the day, including an outdoor Bark Park.
1 Coates, Jennifer. “Nutritional Differences for Small, Toy, and Large Breed Dogs.” Petmd.Com, PetMD, 3 Feb. 2012, www.petmd.com/blogs/nutritionnuggets/jcoates/2012/feb/nutrition_differences_for_small_toy_large_breeds-12459. Accessed 26 Oct. 2020.